DALnet Password Guide

Version 2.1.0


Akhri mein anoovad kiya gaya Jayu () se tarikh 2005-08-11

Akhri mein likhwaya gaya LadyDana () se tarikh 2001-07-12

Asal mein likhwaya gaya Drakkar () se tarikh 1997-02-26

Agar apka is document ke bare mein koi suzav ya koi mat Hoto apne suzav hame is email par bheje (sirf ! Koi madat ki Binti nahi!) docs@dal.net. Agar apke koi aise cheeze pe jankari chahiye jo is document mein likhwayi nahi gai hai To kripaya Jankari is website pe dekhiye http://help.dal.net.

Introduction

Yeah DALnet per nickname aur channel ke password ke bare mein mulbhoot charcha-abhyash hai. Aut jyada mein, iss mein password command ke bare mein samjaya gaya hai, acche password ka chayan kaise kare yeah bhi samjaya gaya hai, aur dusare prastav ki bhi salah di gai hai. Yeah bahut faydemand hai ki eek accha password ka chayan kaise kare, aur yeah sirf DALnet per hi nahi, parantu aur bhi kai jaga per jaha aapko password ka chayan karna hota hai waha per bhi faydemand hoga.

Suchi

1 · NickServ aur ChanServ ke Password Commands

Sab se pahele, nickname aur channel ko DALnet Services ki madad se register karne wale command ke bare mein charcha karenge.

Nickname Registration, karne ka command aisa hoga:

/nickserv register Password EmailAddress

ya

/msg nickserv@services.dal.net register Password EmailAddress

Note: Iss command ke sath aapko nickname likhna nahi hai, NickServ apka nickname apne aap hi register kar lega ki jo aap tab istemal kar rahe hoge. Aur, yeah pakka kare ki aapne jo apka email dakhil kiya hai woh sahi aur manya E-Mail hai yaa nahi, kyoki iss mein aapke liye samarthan (confirmation) bheja jayega.

Aap iss ke bare mein adhik vistrut mein margdarshan http://docs.dal.net/docs/nsemail.html per se paa sakege.

Channel Registration, karne ka command aisa hoga:

/chanserv register #channel Password Description

ya

/msg chanserv@services.dal.net register #channel Password Description

Note: Description aapki channel ke bare mein eek chota sabad-samuh ya varnan hota hai. Yeah kuch bhi ho sakta hai, parantu command ke sath iss ko samil karna jaruri hai.

Aap iss ke bare mein adhik vistrut se margdarshan http://docs.dal.net/docs/chanserv.html per se paa sakege.

2 · Password ka chayan

Waha per kuch maapdand hai ki jo aap password ka istemal karege woh kaise hone chahiye, aur kaise nahi hone chahiye, Yeaha per yeah samil kiya hai:

  • Passwords ek sabad mein hona chahiye, bich mein ekk bhi khali jagah chode bager.

  • Aap aapke nickname ke password ke liye nickname ka hi istemal nahi kar sakte.

  • Aap password ke liye "password" sabad ka bhi istemal nahi kar sakte.

  • Password adhik se adhik 64 akshar ka hona chahiye.

  • Passwords colon (:) ke sath sharu nahi hona chahiye.

  • < 33 akshar jo ASCII chart (control characters) mein hai use password ke roop mein samrthan nahi hai.

  • Password case sensitive hona chahiye, yani agar aapne register karte samay agar capital akshar ka istemal kiya hai to, aapko jab aapka nick identify karna hai tab vaise hi likhana padega jaise ki aapne nick register karte samay likha ho (e.g. SomeOne aur someone saman nahi hoga.. aapko identify ke liye SomeOne hi likhna padega).

Jab aap apane nickname aur channel ke liye password ka chayan kar rahe ho tab waha per thodi-bahut chize hai jo apne dimag mein betha le. Hum ek-ke-bad-ek iss ke bare mein charcha karege.

  1. Aap apne password ke liye aapke sahi naam, pata, telephone number, ya koi personal mahiti ka istemal naa kare. Aapka password jaanne ke liye koi bhi user jyadatar pahele in hi sab chizo ka andaz lagayega.

  2. Password ke liye agar aap apne nickname ka istemal karna chahate hoto nickname ke sharu mein aur ant mein sankhya ya aksharo ko bhi jode yeah aapka sahi naam istemal karne se to salamat hai, phir bhi password ke liye sahi suzav nahi hoga. e.g. <Jonathon> /nickserv register Jonathon1 email@address.com

  3. Password jabtak ho sake tabtak pura english ya kisi sahi shabad mein nahi hona chahiye. Waha per kuch aise program bhi mojood hai jo shabdkosh ke shabdo ko eek-ke-bad-ek janch karte hai ki aapka password in shabdo mein se to koi ek nahi hai na. Jabki, DALnet Services ke pass aise password churanewalo ko rok ne ke liye sagan flood protection hai jo aise program ko rokte hai. Aamtaur pe password ke liye yeah acha suzav hai.

  4. Capital aksharo ka aur sankhyao ka vivid tarike se istemal karne se aapke password churane ki koshish karte hai hai unke liye aapke password ka andaz lagana kathin ban jayega, jahatak ho sake iss mein vividhta ko umere. example ke taur per: "Goober" istemal acha vichar hai, per "gOoBEr" ke istemal ka vichar usse bhi adik acha hai.

  5. Jyada mein capital aksharo ke istemal ke sath, aap kuch khas ASCII characters ka istemal bhi kar sakte hai. Yeah baat spstha hai ki, apko chahiye ki aap aise password ko kahi dusari jagah per bhi likh le kyoki isse yaad rakhna thoda kathin hoga. Example ke taur par, aapke password mein 1/2 ke virudha mein ±/2 (ALT+171) likha ja sakta hai.

  6. Dusari bhasha ke akshar ka istemal bhi avkarya hai, jaise ki èc)

  7. Sampurn avyavasthit (andha-dhundh) aksharo se bana password sabse adhik accha hai, parantu agar aapne issko kahi yadi ke taur per nahi likha hoga to aise password ko yaad rakhna kathin hoga. Aagar aap aise avyavasthit password ka chayan kare to, yeah accha rahega ki aap kucch pahechanwale shabdo ko avyavasthit rakhe (e.g. Jayu ko kuch iss tarah se rakhe to acha hai Yuja), lekin iss ka matalab kuch Aapke pahechanwale shabd ke liye hai.

  8. Kuch users apne sabhi nicks aur channels ke liye eek saman hi password ka istemal karna chahte hai. Jab ki yeah yaad rakh ne mein ashan hai, lekin agar kisi user ko aapka sirf eek password milgaya to unke liye aapke sabhi nicks aur channels per kabu karne mein bhi ashani hogi.

  9. Jabki, aamtaur par yeah suzav diya jata hai ki, aap apna password bhool naa jaye isliye kahi dusari jagah per bhi likh le, per yeah avashya janch le ki aapka password aapne kaha likha hai wah kisi aur ko pata na chal jaye. e.g. aapke monitor ki screen par.

Suzav:

Yeah accha raasta hai ki aap mishra passwords banane ke liye ek vakya yani sentence soche, jab soch le tab us sentence ke har-ek shabdo ke pahele aur dusare akshar ka chayan kare. Ishka parinam password baharse dekhne mein avyavasthit lagega, lekin iss ke user ko yeah ashani se yaad rahega ki wah password kis sentence se unhone banaya hai aur kaise banaya hai.

Agar jab bhi aapko aisa lage ki kisi ko aapka password ka pata chal gaya hai, ya chal jaygega tab humesha dhyan rakhe ki isse badal de.

Yeah ek acha suzav hai ki aap nitya niyamit apne password ko badalte rahe.

3 · NickServ aur ChanServ ke sath identfiy karna

Aab iss ke bad, NickServ aur ChanServ ko aapke password ke sath identify karna jaruri hoga. Aapko chahiye ki aap yeah pakka kare ki yeah NickServ aur ChanServ wohi hai ki jiska istemal aap karna chahate hai. Buri niyatwale users kabhi-kabar DALnet ke alava dusare network per NickServ aur ChanServ ka naam istemal karke services jaisa natak karte hai, kyoki sahi mein aise services jaise nicknames dusare network per kisi ke bhi dwara istemal kiya ja sakta hai. Nakali DALnet Services aur nakali IRC Operator ko kaise pahechane isske bare mein adhik jankari or margdarshan ke liye aap http://docs.dal.net/docs/ircimps.html per jaa sakte hai.

Yeah janch le ki aap apna password sahi jagah par bhej rahe hai ya nahi, aur aap DALnet server pe hi mojood hi hai na. Server ke naam mein "dal.net" hoga. /whois ChanServ aur /whois NickServ command likhke yeah pakka karle ki jo jawab aye us mein paheli line mein "services@dal.net".

Aur, Services ke sath identify karne ke liye sahi padhati ko pakka karle:

NickServ ke sath identify karne ke liye, istemal kare:

/nickserv identify Password

ya

/msg nickserv@services.dal.net identify Password

ya

/identify Password

Nickname ko identify kaise kare iske bare mein adhik jankari aapko http://docs.dal.net/docs/nickserv.html par mil sakti hai.

ChanServ ke sath identify karne ke liye, istemal kare:

/chanserv identify #channel Password

ya

/msg chanserv@services.dal.net identify #channel Password

ya

/identify #channel Password

Channels ko identify kaise kare iske bare mein adhik jankari aapko http://docs.dal.net/docs/chanserv.html par mil sakti hai.

4 · Aap Password bhool jaye to

DALnet aapko yeah parvangi deta hai ki aap apna password aapke email ke pate per mangva sakte hai. Iska amal SENDPASS command ke jariye hoga.

Nickname ka password aapke email per bhejne ke liye, istemal kare:

/nickserv sendpass Nick EmailAddress

Channel ka password aapke email per bhejne ke liye, istemal kare:

/chanserv sendpass #channel Founder's EmailAddress

Kripaya adhik jankari ke liye http://docs.dal.net/docs/nsemail.html#5.2 padhe.

Agar yadi yeah bhi aapke password/maliki ki samasya ka samadhan naa kar sake to aap madad ke liye CSop ka sampark kar sakte hai. Phirbhi, apne kisi/sabhi nickname aur channel ke passwords ko sahisalamat rakhne ki puri jimmedari user ki khud ke apne hai. Hum to iss samasya mein jo kar sakege woh karege, lekin yeah sabhi halato per nahi bhi ho sakta hai.

Aap password ki madad ke liye jab CSop ko dhundh rahe ho tab usse pahele, kuch chizo per dhyan de:

  1. Aapne sahi command ka istemal kiya hai ya nahi?

  2. Woh nickname ya channel apki khud ki hi hai? yeah expire ho gai ho aur kisi dusare ne isey register kar liya hai?

  3. Aapne sahi password ka istemal kiya hai? password case-sensitive likhana chahiye.

Agar upar likhe muddo mein se ek bhi nahi hai, to hi madad ke liye CSop dhundhna chahiye. CSop ko dhundh ne ke liye niche di gai padhatio ka istemal kare:

/motd services.* aapko CSops ki suchi dega, aap /whois command ka istemal karke dekh le ki kya woh abhi online hai ya nahi.

#operhelp join kare, yeah IRCOp ki madad channel hai. Kaibar, CSops waha per hote hai, ya kamsekam woh jo CSop ko dhundha sakte hai.

http://docs.dal.net/docs/findoper.html par mulakat le.

5 · Agar aap Nicknames ya/aur Channels kho de

Nicknames aur Channels ka agar 30 din tak istemal naa kiya jaye to iski avadhi/time pura ho jata hai aur wah expire ho jati hai. Iskebad, wah nicknames aur channels koibhi le sakta hai ko jo, inhe register karna chahata ho.

Agar apka nickname expire ho gaya to, aapke yeah nickname se jitni channels aapne registered ki hogi wah bhi expire ho jayege.

Jab aap public computer ka istemal kar rahe ho to adhik sachet rahe, jaise ki internet cafes. Aise computer asalamat hote hai, aur ismein viruses ya programs bhi hote hai, ki jo dusare user ko aapke password per kabu dene ka labha dete hai. Aise mein, DALnet ke sanchalak aapko password ke liye kadapi madad nahi karege.

Kadapi apne password ko kisi dusare ke sath sahchar/share naa kare, woh agar aapke chahe kitne bhi nazdiki kyo na ho tab bhi nahi. Woh dusare inshan akashmik, ya jane-anjane mein hi aapka password or kisi dusare inshan tak pohacha sakte hai. In mein se ek bhi hoga to, DALnet aise paristhiti mein madad nahi karega.

Agar aapke pass DALnet per password ka istemal karne ke bare mein yadi koi sawal ya muskil ho to, #DALnetHelp aur #OperHelp aapko madad kar sakte hai.

Kuch dusare dastavez bhi hitavah ho sakte hai. Dekhiye http://docs.dal.net/docs/exploits.html, http://docs.dal.net/docs/annoy.html aur http://docs.dal.net/docs/ircimps.html.